The young people and the parents in USA, are still waiting
for the ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Part II, Article 42-45 and Part III, Article 46-54
Implementation and monitoring
- Article 42
- States Parties undertake to make the principles and provisions of the
Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means to adults and
- Article 43
- 1. For the purpose of examining the progress made by States Parties i
n achieving the realization of the obligations undertaken in the present
Convention, there shall be established a Committee on the Rights of the
Child, which shall carry out the functions hereinafter provided.
2. The Committee shall consist of ten experts of high moral standing and
recognized competence in the field covered by this Convention.
the members of the Committee shall be
elected by States Parties from among their nationals and shall serve in
their personal capacity, consideration being given to equitable geographical
distribution, as well as to the principal legal systems.
3. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a
list of persons nominated by States Parties. Each State Party may nominate
one person from among its own nationals.
4. The initial election to the Committee shall be held no later than six months
after the date of the entry into force of the present Convention and thereafter
every second year. At least four months before the date of each election, the
Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to States
Parties inviting them to submit their nominations within two
months. The Secretary-General shall subsequently prepare a list in
alphabetical order of all persons thus nominated, indicating States Parties
which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties to the
5. The elections shall be held at meetings of States Parties convened by the
Secretary-General at United Nations Headquarters. At those meetings, for
which two thirds of States Parties shall constitute a quorum, the persons
elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of
votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the
representatives of States Parties present and voting.
6. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years.
They shall be eligible for re-election if renominated. The term of five of the
members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years;
immediately after the first election, the names of
these five members shall be chosen by lot by the Chairman of the meeting.
7. If a member of the Committee dies or resigns or declares that for any other
cause he or she can no longer perform the duties of the Committee, the State
Party which nominated the member shall appoint another expert from among
its nationals to serve for the remainder of
the term, subject to the approval of the Committee.
8. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure.
9. The Committee shall elect its officers for a period of two years.
10. The meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at United Nations
Headquarters or at any other convenient place as determined by the
Committee. The Committee shall normally meet annually. The duration of the
meetings of the Committee shall be determined, and reviewed, if necessary,
by a meeting of the States Parties to the present Convention, subject to the
approval of the General Assembly.
11. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary
staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the
Committee under the present Convention.
12. With the approval of the General Assembly, the members of the
Committee established under the present Convention shall receive
emoluments from the United Nations resources on such terms and conditions
as the Assembly may decide.
- Article 44
- 1. States Parties undertake to submit to the Committee, through the
Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have
adopted which give effect to the rights recognized herein and on the progress
made on the enjoyment of those rights:
(a) Within two years of the entry into force of the Convention for the State
(b) Thereafter every five years.
2. Reports made under the present article shall indicate factors and
difficulties, if any, affecting the degree of fulfilment of the obligations under
the present Convention. Reports shall also contain sufficient information to
provide the Committee with a comprehensive understanding of the
implementation of the Convention in the country concerned.
3. A State Party which has submitted a comprehensive initial report to the
Committee need not, in its subsequent report submitted in accordance with
paragraph 1 (b) of the present article, repeat basic information previously
4. The Committee may request from States Parties further information relevant
to the implementation of the Convention.
5. The Committee shall submit to the General Assembly of the United
Nations through the Economic and Social Council, every two years, reports
on its activities.
6. States Parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in
their own countries.
- Article 45
- In order to foster the effective implementation of the Convention and to
encourage international co-operation in the field covered by the Convention:
(a) The specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund, and other
United Nations organs shall be entitled to be represented at the consideration
of the implementation of such provisions of the present Convention as fall
within the scope of their mandate. The Committee may invite the specialized
agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent bodies as
it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the
implementation of the Convention in areas falling within the scope of their
respective mandates. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies,
the United Nations Children's Fund, and other United Nations organs to
submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within
the scope of their activities;
(b) The Committee shall transmit, as it may consider appropriate, to the
specialized agencies, the United Nations Children's Fund and other competent
bodies, any reports from States Parties that contain a request, or indicate a
need, for technical advice or assistance along with the Committee's
observations and suggestions, if any, on these requests or indications;
(c) The Committee may recommend to the General Assembly to request
the Secretary-General to undertake on its behalf studies on specific issues
relating to the rights of the child;
(d) The Committee may make suggestions and general recommendations
based on information received pursuant to articles 44 and 45 of the present
Convention. Such suggestions and general recommendations shall be
transmitted to any State Party concerned and reported to the General
Assembly, together with comments, if any, from States Parties
- Article 46
- The present Convention shall be open for signature by all States.
- Article 47
- The present Convention is subject to ratification.In-struments of
ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- Article 48
- The present Convention shall remain open for accession by any State.
The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of
the United Nations.
- Article 49
- 1. The present Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day
following the date of deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations
of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For each State ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of
the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall
enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit by such State of its
instrument of ratification or accession.
- Article 50
- 1. Any State Party may propose an amendment and file it with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall
thereupon communicate the proposed amendment to States Parties, with a
request that they indicate whether they favour a conference of States Parties
for the purpose of considering and voting upon the proposals. In the event
that, within four months from the date of such communication, at least one
third of the States Parties favour such a conference, the Secretary-General
shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations.
Any amendment adopted by a major ity of States Parties present and voting
at the con-ference shall be submitted to the General Assembly for approval.
2. An amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 1 of the present
article shall enter into force when it has been approved by the General
Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a two-thirds majority of
3. When an amendment enters into force, it shall be binding on those States
Parties which have accepted it, other States Parties still being bound by the
provisions of the present Convention and any earlier amendments which
they have accepted.
- Article 51
- 1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall receive and
circulate to all States the text of reservations made by States at the time of
ratification or accession.
2. A reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of the present
Convention shall not be permitted.
3. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to that effect
addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall then
inform all States. Such notification shall take effect on the date on which it
is received by the Secretary-General.
- Article 52
- A State Party may denounce the present Convention by written
notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation
becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the
- Article 53
- The Secretary-General of the United Nations is designated as the
depositary of the present Convention.
- Article 54
- The original of the present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English,
French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited
with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
In witness thereof the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized
thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present Convention.
The work to realize this international Agreement/Contract
started at 1979.
The document was clear to sign from the 26:th of January 1990.
All details in Preamble, Part I, Part II and Part III - were accepted,
signed and later ratified, by High Representatives
from each one of the presently acknowledged 187 Convention-States.
New York 199 . . . . . . / . . . .
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This BIG and BEAUTYFUL agreement
was meant to represent a kind of guarantee
for a better life
Better Life for Children
Better Life for Parents
Better Future for Everyone