BOES.ORG - Children's Rights Across the World
What this web project, and our leading star,
the Convention on the Rights of the Child - stands for.
-States Parties undertake to make the principles and provisions of this widely known, by appropriate and active means to adults and children alike.
-All rights apply to all children without exception. It is the State's obligation to protect children from any form of discrimination and to take positive action to promote their rights.
-All actions concerning the child shall take full account of his of her best interests. The State shall provide the child with adequate care when parents, or others charged with that responsibility, fail to do so.
-The States must do all it can to implement the rights contained in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
-The State must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents and the extended family to provide guidance for the child which is appropriate to her or his evolving capacities.
-Every child has the inherent right to life, and the State has an obligation to ensure the child's survival and development.
-The child has the right to express his or her views, obtain information, make ideas or information known, regardless of frontiers.
-The State shall respect the child's right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, subject to appropriate parental guidance.
-The State shall protect the child from all forms of maltreatment by parents or others responsible for the care of the child and establish appropriate social programs for the prevention of abuse and the treatment of victims.
-The State is obliged to provide special protection for a child deprived of the family environment and to ensure that appropriate alternative family care or institutional placement is available in such cases. Efforts to meet this obligation shall pay due regard to the child's cultural background.
-In countries where adoption is recognized and/or allowed, it shall only be carried out in the best interests of the child, and then only with the authorization of competent authorities, and safeguards for the child.
-Special protection shall be granted to a refugee child or to a child seeking refugee status. It is the State's obligation to cooperate with competent organizations which provide such protection and assistance.
-A disabled child has the right to special care, education and training to help him or her enjoy a full and decent life in dignity and achieve the greatest degree of self-reliance and social integration possible.
-The child has a right to the highest standard of health and medical care attainable. States shall place special emphasis on the provision of primary and preventive health care, public health education and the reduction of infant mortality. They shall encourage international co-operation in this regard and strive to see that no child is deprived of access to effective health services.
-A child who is placed by the State for reasons of care, protection or treatment is entitled to have that evaluated regularly.
-The child has the right to benefit from social security including social insurance.
-The child has a right to education, and the State's duty is to ensure that primary education is free and compulsory, to encourage different forms of secondary education accessible to every child and to make higher education available to all on the basis of capacity. School discipline shall be consistent with the child's rights and dignity. The State shall engage in international co-operation to implement this right.
-Education shall aim at developing the child's personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to the fullest extent. Education shall prepare the child for an active adult life in a free society and foster respect for the child's parents, his or her own cultural identity, language and values, and for the cultural background and values of others.
-Children of minority communities and indigenous populations have the right to enjoy their own culture and to practice their own religion and language.
The child has the right to leisure, play and participation in cultural and artistic activities.
-The child has the right to be protected from work that threatens his or her health, education or development. The State shall set minimum ages for employment and regulate working conditions.
-Children have the right to protection from the use of narcotic and psychotropic drugs, and from being involved in their production or distribution.
-The State shall protect children from sexual exploitation and abuse, including prostitution and involvement in pornography.
-It is the State's obligation to make every effort to prevent the sale, trafficking and abduction of children.
-The child has the right to protection from exploitation.
-No child shall be subjected to torture, cruel treatment or punishment, unlawful arrest or deprivation of liberty. Both capital punishment and life imprisonment without the possibility of release are prohibited for offences committed by persons below 18 years. Any child deprived of liberty shall be separated from adults unless considered in the child's best interests not to do so. A child who is detained shall have legal and other assistance as well as contact with family.
-States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that children under 15 years of age have no direct part in hostilities. No child below 15 shall be recruited into the armed forces. States shall also ensure the protection and care of children who are affected by armed conflict as described in relevant international law.
-The State has an obligation to ensure that child victims of armed conflicts, torture, neglect, maltreatment or exploitation receive appropriate treatment for their recovery and social reintegration.
-A child in conflict with the law has the right to treatment which promotes the child's sense of dignity and worth, takes the child's age into account and aims at his or her reintegration into society. The child is entitled to basic guarantees as well as legal or other assistance for his or her defense. Judicial proceedings and institutional placements shall be avoided wherever possible.
-Wherever standards set in applicable national and international law relevant to the rights of the child are higher than those in this Convention, the higher standard shall always apply.
-States Parties undertake to make the principles and provisions of the Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means to adults and children alike.